Ra3y AmReeKa

Michel Thomas Italian Foundation Course CD 5


CD5 - 01

هناك أفعال دائماً يأتي بعدها الفعل في صغية المصدر

ميشيل توماس يسميها handles

مثل

I can = posso

I can do it = Posso farlo


2:17

I don’t understand you = Non la capisco

تستخدم فعل posso حتى تتجنب تصريف الفعل capire

I cannot understand you = Non la posso capire / Non posso capirla


3:26

to find = trovare

to look for / to seek = cercare

I’m looking for it, but I don’t find it = Lo cerco, ma non lo trovo


الترجمة

cercare يبحث



CD5 - 02

يمكن أن تستخدم فعل مثل devo

حتى تتجنب تصريف الفعل cercare

مثل

I must look for it = Devo cercarlo


2:10

فعل آخر يجنبك التصريف وهو

Voglio

مثل

I want to see it = Voglio vederlo

I would like to see it = Vorrei vederlo



CD5 - 03

عرفنا سابقاً أن نهاية would للضمير " I " هي = -rei

نهاية he would, she would, it would, you would هي = -rebbe

مثل

you would like / he would like / she would like = vorrebbe

Would you like to do it? = Vorrebbe farlo?

Would you like to see it? = Vorrebbe vederlo?


1:53

He wouldn’t buy it = Non lo comprerebbe


3:43

I wouldn’t see it = Non lo vedrei

He wouldn’t see it = Non lo vedrebbe


4:06

It will be very important = Sarà molto importante

It would be very important = Sarebbe molto importante

But it wouldn’t be possible that way = Ma non sarebbe possibile così



CD5 - 04

1:11

We won’t be able to do it = Non potremo farlo

للتعبير عن would للضمير " we " نضيف m ونضغط عليها = -remmo

مثل

We would be able to do it = Potremmo farlo


4:42

Would you be able to tell me when you will be able to do it?

=

Potrebbe dirmi quando potrà farlo?


5:50

كلمة could في الإنجليزية تحمل معنيين مختلفين تماماً

فجملة

could you tell me تعني = would you be able to

could هنا تدل على المستقبل في الجملة الشرطية / أو الطلب

لكن

he told me he couldn’t do it تعني = he wasn’t able to

could هنا تدل على الماضي

الشرح يتبع في المقطع التالي



CD5 - 05

could الأولى والتي تعني would be able هي =

I could = potrei

You could = potrebbe


could الثانية والتي تعني الزمن الماضي هي

I could = potevo

He could = poteva


الزمن الماضي سهل، كل النهايات تكون على هذا النحو

-avo, -evo, -ivo


للتفريق بين المعنيين لـ could يجب أن تعرف أي زمن تريد أن تعبر عنه

إذا كنت متردد، بشكل عام استخدم

potrei, potrebbe, potremmo

إلا إذا كانت الجملة تدل بوضوح على الماضي

ففي هذه الحالة تستخدم

potevo, poteva

مثل

I couldn’t find it = Non potevo trovarlo

I couldn’t tell you = Non potrei dirle

Could you tell me? = Potrebbe dirmi?


5:00

I cannot understand you = Non posso capirla

I couldn’t understand you = Non potevo capirla



CD5 - 06

4:22

We will have to leave = Dovremo partire

We would have to leave = Dovremmo partire


6:34

He would have to leave = Dovrebbe partire



CD5 - 07

I would be able to do it = Potrei farlo

I could do it for you tomorrow = Potrei farlo per lei domani

Could you do it? = Potrebbe farlo?


1:34

yesterday = ieri

I couldn’t do it yesterday = Non potevo farlo ieri

I could do it now = Potrei farlo adesso


3:23

devo تحمل أكثر من معنى

I must / I have to / I’m supposed to

مثل

I have to do it = Devo farlo

I’m supposed to leave today but I cannot = Devo partire oggi, ma non posso


معنى آخر لـ devo هو =

I owe = devo

How much do I owe? = Quanto devo?


الدقيقة 6:40 مهمة جداً

كلمة should في الإنجليزية تقابلها هذه الكلمات في الإيطالية

dovrei, dovrebbe, dovremmo = should

والتي تعني

dovrei, dovrebbe, dovremmo = would have to

مثل

I should buy it = Dovrei comprarlo

You should tell me = Dovrebbe dirmi



الترجمة

ieri البارحة



CD5 - 08

I would like to see it = Vorrei vederlo

كلمة vorrei تعني

I would want


Would you like to see it? = Vorrebbe vederlo?


0:44

نعرف أن

I like = Mi piace

مثل

I like to see it = Mi piace vederlo


والفعل piace لا يعود على ضمير " I "

بل يعود على الضمير " it "

فمعنى الجملة الحرفي هو = it pleases me

لذا

نستخدم لـ would النهاية = -rebbe

I would like = Mi piacerebbe

مثل

It would please me to see it = Mi piacerebbe vederlo



CD5 - 09

الكلمات الإنجليزية التي تنتهي بـ ty هي نفسها في الإيطالية تصبح tà

مثل

university = università

the university = l’università

the opportunity = l’opportunità

كلمة أخرى تحمل نفس المعنى

the occasion = l’occasione


1:04

الكلمات الإنجليزية التي تنتهي بـ al هي نفسها في الإيطالية تصبح ale

مثل

normal = normale

normally = normalmente

general = generale

generally = generalmente

special = speciale


specially for you = specialmente per lei


2:13

بعد الأسماء يأتي الفعل في المصدر ونضع بعد الاسم = di

كثير من أفعال التواصل communication يأتي بعدها أيضاً di


I don’t have the time to do it now = Non ho (il) tempo di farlo adesso

It is not possible to do it now = Non è possibile farlo adesso


4:06

I would like to have the opportunity to see it the next time

=

Vorrei avere l’occasione di vederlo la prossima volta


4:34

كلمة time في الإنجليزية لها معنين

- الوقت

- مرة


time (the passing of time) = tempo

time (sequence of times) = volta

the next time la prossima = volta



الترجمة

l’università الجامعة

l’opportunità الفرصة

l’occasione الفرصة

normale طبيعي

generale عام

speciale خاص

volta مرة



CD5 - 10

once = una volta

twice = due volte

جمع الكلمات المؤنثة نحول آخر a إلى = e


I will be able to do it next time = Potrò farlo la prossima volta


1:28

تصريف فعل want

الحاضر

voglio, vuole

المستقبل مع would

vorrei, vorrebbe


يمكن التعبير عن نفس المعنى بأكثر من طريقة

مثل

I want to see it = Voglio vederlo

I wish very much / I desire to see it = Desidero vederlo

I like to see it = Mi piace vederlo

I would like to see it = Mi piacerebbe vederlo

I would like to see it = Vorrei vederlo



الترجمة

una volta مرة

due volte مرتين


انتهى شرح الـ CD5

هنا التطبيق 3

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